Modern Avionics-ATM Ergonomy and Innovation Technologies Implementation Gap Analyses. Latvian and Georgian Case Studies

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Nika Tikanashvili
Monta Aleksandra Lacane


According to EUROCONTROL research, by 2035 year, airports across Europe are expected to be handling 14.4 million flights and 1.4 billion passengers. However, the current air traffic management (ATM) system is not adequately prepared for this volume of air traffic. The system cannot handle such a large number of airplanes in a timely manner, resulting in congested airspace and causing delays for aircraft on the ground and in the air. This situation is economically inefficient and has a significant negative impact on the environment due to carbon emission and noise pollution. For this reason, continuous development and modernization of the air traffic management system is necessary. The Global Air Navigation Plan (GANP) is a flexible engineering-technical methodological document, that allows all International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) member states to advance their air navigation capacities
based on their specific operational requirements. One of the most problematic parts for successful implementation of the GANP is an innovative air traffic management, and aircraft on-board modern technologies effective interrelationship, taking into account ergonomic factors. System operator-machineenvironment main effective functionality is determined by the characteristics of the human operator and depends on a level of process automation and a number of main technical parameters.

Paper is focused on the Latvian and Georgian case studies, as in both counties ATM technologies and automatization level continuously grows and becomes more advanced. Consequently, the development of aircraft on-board systems and new skills of aviation professionals becomes even more critical. As a result of research, methodological approach and general model for effective interconnection of on-board and innovative ATM technologies taking into account human factors is proposed.

air traffic management, avionics, innovative technologies, ergonomics
Published: Dec 11, 2023

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